Sudden deafness or Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss or SSHL is unexplained fast loss of listening to as a rule in one ear (yet both the ears might be influenced) over a time of few days. A patient experiencing SSHL ought to counsel an ENT authority as fast as could be expected under the circumstances to analyze and begin the treatment.
Research concentrates on evaluation that around 5,000 individuals are influenced by sudden listening to misfortune consistently. SSHL influences individuals somewhere around 30 and 60 years old and a patient for the most part notice the issue not long after subsequent to getting up in the morning. Some others may see the listening to issue when they attempt to utilize the influenced ear for some reason, for instance, while chatting on the telephone. Individuals enduring SSHL may likewise get mixed up, hear ringing sound inside their ears (tinnitus), or hear a noisy pop!
50% of affected patients may automatically recover from SSHL after a couple of weeks. Many cases go unreported because people recover automatically without any medical intervention.
Apprx 85-90% of those who visit an ENT Specialist may recover hearing capacity completely or partially. If you suddenly notice partial or full deafness in one of your ears, immediately visit an ENT doctor.
Major causes of sudden hearing loss
Sudden deafness mostly happens because of unknown reasons. The sudden hearing loss develops when the cochlea in the inner ear, or the nerves connecting the ear and the brain get damaged.
Few probable causes of SSHL (10-15% only) include blood circulation problems, tumor on the nerve pathway connecting the ear with the brain, infectious diseases, a traumatic injury, autoimmune diseases, specific drugs that are harmful for the inner ear, neurologic disorders like multiple sclerosis, and Ménière’s disease. Read about SSHL on this Neoalta page.
Probable symptoms of sudden hearing loss
Too often, patients detect sudden hearing loss in one ear right after waking up in the morning. Moreover, patients can also notice the problem while using the affected ear for headphones or phone calls. The common symptoms of SSHL may be one or more of the following:
Conversation sounding like whispers
Severe hearing difficulty with the presence of background noise
Problems hearing high-pitched sound
Dizziness and body balance problems
Tinnitus, which is associated with ringing sounds in the ear
What should you do when you suffer these symptoms?
Sudden hearing loss is considered a medical emergency. Patient should visit an ENT Specialist immediately. Many times, people suffering from the above symptoms delay visiting a doctor assuming they have allergies, sinus infection, or ear wax.
SSHL is diagnosed through a hearing test (Audiometry). If the test results demonstrate a loss of at least 30 decibels in three different frequencies, then this condition is diagnosed as SSHL. The doctor combines the patient’s medical history with the physical exam to detect SSHL.
The common treatment methods for SSHL include steroids.
Steroids can be given in tablet form, by intravenous injection or direct injection in to ear drum (intratympanic corticosteroid therapy) In other cases, a cochlear implant may be used to improve hearing in the affected ear. Read how Neoalta treats adult SSHL patients.